Rajasthan is the treasure land of glorious historical traditions, replete with the annals of patriotism, valor and self-sacrifice. The heroism of the Rajputs is unique in the history of the world. Here we find the beauties and wonders of both nature and man placid lakes, hills, sand dunes in desert, forests, beautiful palaces and forts are a few of the attraction that entice the human eye and soul. After independence the 22 states in the region were merged into one to form the present state of Rajasthan. The traces of the diversity of these merged states are still seen in the day-to-day life of the people of Rajasthan. State of Rajasthan covers an area of about 343154 sq. km. A population of more than 25 million people lives in 36,420 villages in the state and several large and small cities. The northwestern part of Rajasthan is mainly desert area. The main cities in desert area are Jodhpur, Bikaner and Jaisalmer. Where as southeastern parts have thick forests and scattered hills. Udaipur, Chittor, Bharatpur and Alwar are the main cities of this part.
Climate of Rajasthan- Summer that extends from April to June, is the hottest season, with temperatures ranging from 32C to 45C. In western Rajasthan the temp may rise to 50C, particularly in May and June. At this time, In the desert regions, the temperatures drops in night. Prevailing winds are from the west and sometimes carry dust storms. The rainy season of Monsoon extends from July to September, temperature drop a little (35-35C) drops but humidity increases The Post-monsoon period of October to November is pleasant and the best times to visit Rajasthan. The average maximum temperature is 33C to 38C, and the minimum is between 18C and 20C. The winter extends from December to February and minimum temperatures in some areas in Rajasthan tend to drop to 0C. There is a marked variation in maximum and minimum temperatures, and regional variations across the state.
Language of Rajasthan- Hindi is the official language of the state. But the principal language is "Rajasthani", and the four major dialects are Marwari in the west, Jaipuri in the east, Malwi in the southeast and Mewati in the northeast. But most people understand and speak Hindi. In cities educated people also understand and speak English.
Rajasthan Culture and civilization - Its culture and civilization is formed by the interaction of various communities. The history of heroic and glorious deeds began with the attacks of the Muslim rulers. The stories of valor and sacrifices of Rajasthani people are written in the folk songs of Rajasthan. Most of the festivals are based on these historic stories. The important communities in Rajasthan include Rajput, Brahmins, Jats, Gurjars and Patels. Each of these communities has its own dresses, customs and habits. Males wear dhoti, kurta -pajama and turban and the ladies wear ghaghra, choli and sari.
Districts in Rajasthan
Rajasthan is divided into 33 districts and seven divisions:
Ajmer Division : Ajmer, Bhilwara, Nagaur, Tonk
Bharatpur Division : Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli, Sawai Madhopur
Bikaner Division : Bikaner, Churu, Ganganagar, Hanumangarh
Jaipur Division : Jaipur, Alwar, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Dausa
Jodhpur Division : Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jodhpur District, Pali, Sirohi
Kota Division : Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar, Kota
Udaipur Division : Banswara District, Chittorgarh District, Pratapgarh District, Dungarpur District, Udaipur, Rajsamand
Fact File of Rajasthan
Population : 64.07 million (2006-07)
Area : 3,42,239 sq km
Location : North-western India; shares domestic borders with Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.
Population Density : 165 (per sq km), Population Growth: 28.4%
Principal Languages : Rajasthani & Hindi
Capital : Jaipur
Time Zone : GMT + 5 hours, 30 minutes
Currency : Indian Rupee (Rs)
Districts : 33
Urban Population : 23.38%
Cities and Towns : 222
Religion : Hindu 89%, Muslim 7%, Jain 1.8%, Sikh 1.5%, Christian 0.1%.
Best Time To Visit : November-March
Climate : Generally dry with extreme temperatures; and rains during July-August
Major Cities : Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Kota, Ajmer, Bikaner, Bhilwara, Alwar
Major Crops : Jowar, bajra, wheat, maize, pulses, barley, gram, oilseeds, cotton, tobacco, sugarcane.
Minerals : Gypsum, mica, copper, tungsten, emerald, asbestos, felspar, glass-sand gypsum, iron ore, lead, zinc, limestone, marble, salt, silver, soapstone & marble.
Industries : Textiles, cement, sugar, chemicals, glass, wool, handicrafts.
Roads : 83,469 km
Railways : 6,228 km